Desiccated Coconut Powder is ideal for use as fillers, toppings, and as ingredients, especially in the baking of biscuits, snack bars, cakes, cookies and so on. It is used in the mentioned industries such as Food Processing, Frozen Food, Consumer Products.
Food Processing : A large number of products can be manufactured from coconut. One of them is Desiccated coconut powder finds a good market not only in India but also in various other countries are also used extensively. Desiccated coconut powder is marketed in bulk as well as in small parts. Deflated desiccated coconut is also in demand for various food preparations.It is simple and well-established. Fully grown and matured coconuts of around 1 year are stored with husk for about a month to facilitate absorption of water and separation of coconut kernels from shell walls.
After de-husking, their shells are removed and brown portion (also known as Tasta) is removed by scrapping it off and in this process around 12-15% of the kernel goes as paring which is further processed to obtain oil, and thus there is a ready market for this by-product. Subsequently, de-shelled coconuts are broken into pieces, washed O and disintegrated in powder form. This powder is then dried in tray drier at about 70-80 C and powder is stirred occasionally to ensure uniform drying. On cooling, it is passed through vibratory screen with different mesh sizes to segregate the powder according to mesh size.
Finally, it is packed in moisture and oil-proof polythene-lined plywood boxes of 10, 25 or 50 kgs. Retail sales is not much but for that packing of 200 or 400 gms. is advisable. Recovery of desiccated coconut largely depends upon quality of coconuts. But on an average processing of 100 coconuts gives around 12-13 kgs. of coconut powder. By-products like parings and shell can be sold in the market.